PERSEPSI DAN KESIAPAN LANSIA MENERIMA VAKSIN COVID-19

Sri Martini, Ira Kusumawaty, Yunike Yunike

Abstract


Latar belakang: Kondisi kesehatan dunia tidak akan kembali kepada kondisi seperti sebelum
pandemi Covid-19 sampai vaksin ditemukan. Lansia merupakan kelompok rentan mengalami gejala
yang lebih berat jika terinfeksi covid-19, mereka perlu disiapkan untuk tetap bertahan pada kondisi
kesehatan yang optimal. Tujuan: Studi ini mengeksplorasi persepsi dan kesiapan lansia dalam
menerima vaksin covid-19. Metode: Penelitian ini dilaksanakan bulan Januari sampai dengan Maret
2021 di lima posyandu lansia di Kota Palembang dengan desain fenomenogi deskriptif, lansia dipilih
dengan menggunakan tehnik purposive sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan pertanyaan terbuka dan
catatan lapangan. Pedoman Wawancara disiapkan berdasarkan tujuan, selanjutnya data tersebut di
transipkan dan di analisis dengan metode Colaizzi. Hasil: Penelitian menghasilkan delapan tema yaitu
tidak percaya dengan covid-19; vaksin Covid-19 tidak ada gunanya; vaksin melindungi dari Covid-19;
makin banyak yang meninggal setelah divaksin; takut terhadap metode memasukan vaksin melalui
suntikan; Dukungan keluarga dan teman-teman; mencari berita tentang vaksin; ada penyakit bawaan.
Persepsi lansia terhadap vaksin dipengaruhi oleh informasi yang dierima dari media dan lingkungan
dan ini mempengruhi penerimaan terhadap program vaksin. Saran: Disarankan pemerintah
mencanangkan program untuk memberikan informasi secara masiv kepada masyarakat tentang urgensi
vaksin Covid-19. Program pemberian informasi dapat dilakukan dengan memberdayakan kader seperti
pemutaran video dan penyuluhan mobil keliling merupakan alternatif yang dapat dilakukan untuk
memaparkan lansia terhadap informasi tentang vaksin Covid-19
Kata Kunci: Covid-19, Vaksin, Persepsi Lansia, Komorbid, kesiapan lansia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36729/jam.v6i2.648

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